I assume that the process of editing varies for every writer, but regardless of how it’s done, it is a very necessary and painstaking process. There may be writers out there who can publish their first draft, who require no extra polishing or very little; I am not one of those. Lacking in that wonderful talent, I am forced to go through many different stages of editing to bring my work to an acceptable level.
The editing stage that I’m currently working on is tightening up my novel, which also relates to my last blog – Frustrating Word Count. This tightening step makes my writing better, the information more concise, and the story clearer, with the wonderful side effect of reducing word count.
I use various methods for tightening my writing:
Removing my excess wordage. What I mean by excess is using one word to say what I sometimes say in three or four words. This type of excess wordage creeps all through my text. For example: The science of flight has advanced over the years. This can be better written, Aeronautics has advanced over the years, making the noun stronger, more noticeable, and the word-count less. I have just cut four unnecessary words.
Remove my weak modifiers, words I use for emphasis. I tend to use modifiers a lot in my writing and they really aren’t necessary. See, I did it again! The modifier really is superfluous in that sentence.
Remove my unneeded nouns. For example, The amount of coffee I drink is too much. I should write instead, The coffee I drink is too much. There go another two more words!
Get rid of my extra verbs, articles, and prepositions that profusely find their way into my writing. For example, I will make changes to my story. Instead, I will change my story. The verb, make is unnecessary. Another example, The subjects that are found in public school are basic. Better would be, The subjects in public school are basic. I have just dropped three more words!
Use concise writing. For this, I use my Dictionary of Concise Writing by Robert Fiske. I use too many wordy phrases in my writing that can be reduced to fewer words. An example he gives in his book: “Mr. Branch was an acquaintance of Miss Gregory.” This is better written: “Mr. Branch knew Miss Gregory.”
It’s amazing how losing excess words makes the writing clearer and better to read.
I’m sure that I have other bad habits to my writing that I’m blinded to when editing, but that’s where my much needed editor helps to teach me.
If you have any helpful tips for me, I would love to hear them.
I am currently working on tightening up one of my manuscripts, a challenging task to say the least but a very necessary one.
*Word count is vital in the publishing industry.
My editor, Pat Lobrutto, always impresses on me how PP&B (Printing, Paper, and Binding) costs affect decisions made at each level of the publishing process from submissions to acquisitions.
My current task is to chop about 20,000 words off my story. Yikes!
As a creator of a story, it is difficult to achieve objectivity in order to make those cuts effectively. After all, everything seems important in one’s own writing.
Here are some tips that I have found helpful:
To distance yourself from the book for a time, a recommendation that came from my editor. Take a week or two and not read or work on the story. You’ll be surprised how differently you view your work after that time. You see mistakes you didn’t see before. You find sections that are too drawn out or redundant. It gives you emotional distance from it, allowing you to be more critical of your work.
Take each sentence and tell yourself that for every word you eliminate from it, you’ll receive a dollar. It’s a shame one doesn’t actually get the money. I had read this tip a while back, but unfortunately, I can’t remember where, sadly not permitting me to give the originator credit for the helpful advice.
Zoom in on your words to at least 200%, allowing you to focus your attention solely on that one sentence, thereby, not being distracted by any other words around it. Enlarging it makes the words clearer, giving you a better perspective of your work. I stumbled across the idea one day when I found myself being distracted with the sentences before and after the one, I was working on.
I have two trusted books–a must for every reference library–called, The Dictionary of Concise Writing that gives you alternatives to wordy phrases, and The Dimwit’s Dictionary that gives you alternatives to overused words and phrases, both by Robert Hartwell Fiske. Redundancy phrases like, ‘for all practical purposes’ can be cut down to the word ‘essentially’, eliminating three words. Addressed are ineffectual phrases, metaphors, infantile phrases, clichés, redundancies, and so on, all which add wordiness to a story and when removed not only decrease word count and tighten up the writing but makes a better written story.
Despite my best attempt with all these good tips at my disposal, I’m sure to need help in the end and that is where my talented editor comes in, thankfully!
As a writer, I love words, and understandably so, as they are the material that I use to create my works of art. One of my past-times is to browse through dictionaries and discover new words or new meanings to words. Over the years, I have also become an avid collector of dictionaries, new and old, common and uncommon ones.
The thought has crossed my mind of how many words comprise the English language. The Oxford Dictionary states it well by saying, “There is no single sensible answer to this question. It’s impossible to count the number of words in a language, because it’s so hard to decide what actually counts as a word and what counts as ‘English’ words”. It goes on to suggest that, “There are, at the very least, a quarter of a million distinct English words, excluding inflections, and words from technical and regional vocabulary not covered by the OED, or words not yet added to the published dictionary, of which perhaps 20 per cent are no longer in current use. If distinct senses were counted, the total would probably approach three quarters of a million.”
Wow! Those are a lot of words at our disposal, and to think, we utilize only a minuscule amount of them.
To learn more words, I subscribe to Dictionary.com to get my ‘word of the day’ on my Blackberry every morning. And in case, I forgot to load my cellphone the night before, and wake up with a dead battery, I still have my trusted hard-copy, a word calendar that my kids give me as a gift every Christmas that shares a new word with me each day.
I have made it a habit to include a new word into every piece I write. By new, I mean a word that has never crossed my path before. This practice not only motivates me to find new words, but by using them, I am forced to learn their meanings. With so many words, I doubt there will ever be a paucity of new words for me to find.
My new word:
paucity [paw-si-tee] -noun
smallness of quantity; scarcity; scantiness: a country with a paucity of resources.
smallness or insufficiency of number; fewness.
1375-1425; late Middle English paucite < Latin paucitas fewness, derivative of paucus few; see -ity
I love discovering new words, so I was eager to hear about the Oxford Dictionaries online announcement of another batch of new words that it is adding to their dictionary. Here are a few that I thought to share with you. See if you recognize any of them: badware, breadcrumb trail, bucket list, confirmation bias, dumpee, eco-chic, lifehack, mancave, meep, roid, schmick, twittersphere, and zhooshed. Want to know their meanings, go to oxforddictionaries.com
Not only do words help us communicate in so many different ways, they stimulate the senses, awaken our emotions, and make interaction easier. For me, words are beautiful and extremely powerful, and that gives me a huge respect for them.